disability / Uncategorized

“Yes I can,” Paralympics and the positivity myth

It has taken me some time to decide whether or not to comment on BBC4 “Superhuman – Yes I can” advertisement for the Paralympics, because I know that any critique I make will be misunderstood. But it’s airing on the Gruen transfer last night has tipped my hand.

So let me say upfront that it’s a brilliant advertisement, the Paralympics are much more interesting than the Olympics, and I do appreciate the value of disability getting the attention that it does in this advertisement. More often than not, disabled people are represented by able-bodied actors in film and television, so it’s great to see the real bodies of disabled people on the screen.


Like almost every other public mention of disability nowadays, the add buys in to the positivity myth. I’ve written on this topic a number of times before (here), but in sum, the positivity myth insists that a positive attitude will enable a person to overcome every barrier they face in life. While it might be a motivating sentiment, it’s just not true.

Indeed, the great insight of disability advocates has been that disability is not primarily a medical or psychological problem – it’s not about individual capacity or attitude. On the contrary, disability is a social problem. People are disabled when the built environment keeps them out of public and private spaces, when transport systems prevent them from being able to travel, when cultural attitudes such as disgust and paternalism result in social alienation and exclusion.

“Okay,” you might ask, “what’s that got to do with BBC4’s ‘yes I can’?”

The problem is that people think the advertisement is about disability, but it’s not. The vast majority of disabled people cannot do the things shown in this advertisement. Of course we celebrate all of the achievements represented on screen, but the statement “gee I’m afraid to go on has turned into yes I can” is downright insulting; and gets to the heart of the problem of the positivity myth. I’ve never met a disabled person who is afraid to go on, but I’ve met some who can’t go on because in one way or another the world in which they live in has said “we want nothing to do with you.” And no positive attitude can solve this.

The advertisement is entitled “the Superhumans,” which is an advance on being called “freaks.” But the truth is, that disabled people aren’t superhuman. On the contrary, disability is about what it is to be human, at one and the same time strong and weak, confident and fearful, successful and failing – occasionally triumphing, but most of the time wanting the same thing as everybody else; to be treated neither as freakish or superhuman, but as a family member, friend, and colleague.

Having said this, I still like the advertisement. I’m glad it was made, and I’m glad it’s being circulated, because disability is normally a marginal topic that is now given prominence, and people with a wide range of disabilities are being celebrated rather than pitied. Further, I don’t think it falls into the trap of inspiration porn, because it’s not saying to nondisabled people “if this cripple can do this, what’s your excuse?” Rather, it’s celebrating the hard work and the achievements of people who warrant our applause – not because they are disabled, but because their accomplishments are impressive.

Perhaps I be happier if the video had a different title and a different set of lyrics. I look forward to seeing what they do in four years time.

About Author

Shane is an ethicist and theologian, Honorary Associate for the Centre of Disability Research and Policy, the University of Sydney, and Assistant Director, Policy, at the Royal Commission into Violence, Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation against People with Disability. Shane is proudly disabled, and an occasional blogger on


  • Jason
    September 2, 2016 at 1:25 pm

    Thanks for those balanced comments.

  • portll
    January 13, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    The thing I hate most about it was that it was appropriated by an Australian TV channel wholesale – from what I remember, channel 7. The message was frustrating (see but the fact that our broadcasters were too cheap to generate their own advert showing Aussie paralympians (or their own message) just showed that they’d be quick to appropriate anything for social capital but didn’t value or connect with anyone in the Australian ‘supercrip’ community enough to want to drop any money on it. I didn’t see them using British olympians in their Olympic coverage.

    In other news, any idea how your friend from your Oct 2015 POW visit is going with his Permobil F5? (assuming it was an F5 not an F3?) my current M300 has been overheating on me for the last 2 years and despite that it should’ve been under warranty, I’ve had no realistic response from the company other than “we don’t even have a suitable demo chair to lend you while we check it out”.

  • Dejah
    June 28, 2017 at 2:28 am

    Hon, I’m disabled and sometimes I’m afraid to go on. Chronic pain sucks SO BADLY that there are days when I simply cannot find the courage to continue. One those days, I tie a knot and cling to hope that tomorrow will be better for reasons I cannot understand–the same reason today was SO OVERWHELMING. Sometimes I am afraid to go on, for the same reason that I am fully aware that one person in the chronic pain support community online (which I can no longer bear to frequent) took her own life a few years ago.

    Now you know someone who is sometimes afraid to go on. Courage is not not NEVER being afraid. Courage is DOING IT ANYWAY.

    Disability comes in all flavors. Not every one is like yours and those you immediately know. Thank you for writing this blog. Your writings on The Positivity Myth have helped me educate my elderly mother on how destructive it is for her to heap positivity on me as a Disabled person.

    • Shane Clifton
      June 28, 2017 at 5:56 pm

      Dear Dejah, thank you for making contact on my blog. It’s nice to hear that my writing is meaningful the people. I experience some permanent nerve pain, but I can only imagine the struggles you have with chronic pain. I do hope and pray that you find some relief, that you can draw on internal resources to fight through, and that you’ll allow yourself the right to swear and complain. Blessings to you, Shane


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