Environment / Pentecostalism

Full Gospel and the Environment

I recently had the pleasure of contributing to a chapter to a book edited by Amos Yong, The Spirit Renews the Face of the Earth. The chapter is entitled “Preaching the Full Gospel in the face of the Global Environmental Crises”.  Sometime in the next little while I intend to respond to a review of the book, and my chapter in particular, written by Raymond Hughes on the Renewal Dynamics blog.  In the meantime, let me briefly summarise the argument of the paper.

The logic of the paper is based on a critical analysis of the Pentecostal “full-gospel”.  Those of you familiar with the full gospel may be aware that Pentecostals have traditionally proclaimed a fourfold (or full) gospel; Jesus saves, baptises in the Spirit, heals and is coming again. In more recent decades this fourfold gospel has been extended to include a fifth element relating to the gospel of blessing.

My argument, in sum, is that Pentecostal appropriation of fundamentalist approaches to theology – literal six day fundamentalism and narrow views of salvation and end times – has worked against the development of a ‘green’ theology; against any recognition that the message of the gospel is good news for the earth.  This is because presumptions that the earth was created only 6000 years ago, and is soon to be destroyed in the apocalyptic return of Jesus, alonside concepts of salvation that prioritise the soul over and against the body, have meant that:

  • the affirmation that ‘Jesus saves’ has been focused on saving souls, and not on the broader social (and ecological) implications of the kingdom
  • the declaration that ‘Jesus baptises in the Spirit’ has been concerned with individual spiritual experience, and not on the broader work of the Spirit in the world
  • the promotion of the idea that ‘Jesus heals’ has focused on the individual only and not extended to healing of the environment
  • the belief in the immanent the end of the world has entrenched the concern for souls as a priority over and against social and ecological concerns
  • the emphasis on financial prosperity has aligned the movement with the economic systems that have generated the environmental problems we now face.

The paper goes on to argue for a reframing of the Pentecostal message in such a way that we can truly claim to be preaching the “full gospel” – one that recognises  that Jesus saves the cosmos, that Jesus heals a sick creation, that Jesus baptises in the Spirit for the sake of empowering the church to participate in His liberating of all the world (and earth), and that Jesus’ return results in the earth’s renewal not its destruction.


About Author

Shane is an ethicist and theologian, Honorary Associate for the Centre of Disability Research and Policy, the University of Sydney, and Assistant Director, Policy, at the Royal Commission into Violence, Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation against People with Disability. Shane is proudly disabled, and an occasional blogger on


  • Craig Benno
    June 22, 2010 at 1:13 pm

    Hi Shane. I think this book will be a worthwhile read when it comes out.

    Though I personally believe there is much lacking in the scriptural basis for personal blessing as often prescribed, could it be implied that a result of this individual blessing is that blessing in all its forms is (should be)brought forth into that persons area of, environment, relationships etc

    One of the dangers I see in the churches focus of individualistic blessing is the lack of communual focus onwhat is the greater good for society.
    Do you think the current methodology of the way we do and focus on “church” is detrimental to an outward focus of bringing healing into every level of society?

  • Matt Anslow
    June 22, 2010 at 7:16 pm


    Love what you’re saying here. I have been planning to write a blog on a narrative framework of Genesis 1-11 that I and a friend from ACOM came up with when preparing for a preach together. A different but parallel track to a very similar destination in terms of the fact that salvation incorporates ecological renewal. Bring on the intertextuality!

    I think your playing with the Pentecostal “full gospel” is particularly creative and striking.


  • […] blogs here on Outer Context My argument, in sum, is that Pentecostal appropriation of fundamentalist approaches to theology – […]

  • […] the Environment – Part 2 Posted on June 28, 2010 by Shane Clifton I mentioned in an earlier post my intention to respond to a review by Rayford Hughes of my article, “Preaching the Full Gospel […]


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